Mari inotarirwa inogona kubatsira kugadzirisa kusaenzana muzvirongwa zvekuchengeta vana vachiri vadiki

Mari inotarirwa inogona kubatsira kugadzirisa kusaenzana muzvirongwa zvekuchengeta vana vachiri vadiki
Mari inotarirwa inogona kubatsira kugadzirisa kusaenzana muzvirongwa zvekuchengeta vana vachiri vadiki
Anonim

Kunaka kwezvirongwa zvekuchengeta vana vadiki nedzidzo kunokanganiswa nemari uye nehunhu hwenharaunda dzinoshanda zvirongwa izvi, tsvakiridzo itsva kubva kuOregon State University inoratidza.

Zvawanikwa zvinoratidza kuti vanogadzira mutemo- nevanodzika mitemo vangangofanira kufunga nezvehuwandu hwenharaunda pavanenge vachiita sarudzo dzemari nezvezvirongwa zvehudiki, akadaro Bridget Hatfield, mutevedzeri wepurofesa muOSU's College yePublic He alth and Human Sciences.

Izvo zvinonyanya kukosha nekuti matunhu mazhinji, kusanganisira Oregon, ari kutora kana kudzokorora masisitimu emhando yepamusoro anobatanidza mari nemhando yehurongwa, Hatfield akadaro.

Zvaakawana zvakaburitswa munguva pfupi yapfuura muEarly Childhood Research Quarterly. Co-vanyori vaiva Joanna K. Lower weLower & Company, Deborah J. Cassidy weYunivhesiti yeNorth Carolina kuGreensboro naRichard A. Faldowski weYunivhesiti yeNorth Carolina kuChapel Hill. Hatfield akawana mari yekutsvagisa kubva kuInstitute of Education Sciences paYunivhesiti yeVirginia.

Hatfield yakadzidza zvingangosvika zviuru zvinomwe zvakapihwa marezenisi ekuchengeta vana vachiri vadiki uye zvirongwa zvedzidzo muNorth Carolina, iyo ine imwe yenyika yekare hurongwa hwekuyera uye kuvandudzwa kwezvirongwa zvekuchengeta vana nedzidzo. Masisitimu aya anoshandiswa nenyika zhinji kuona kuti hurumende inowana mari yakawanda sei pachirongwa chekuchengeta vana uye dzidzo.

Oregon nedzimwe nyika dzakawanda dziri pakati pekushandisa hurongwa hwekuyera mhando.

Hatfield yakaona kuti vana vanobva kunharaunda dzine mari yakaderera vane mikana mishoma yekuchengeta vana vepakutanga zvemhando yepamusoro uye chikoro chekireshi, kunyangwe vangangowana mabhenefiti akawanda kubva mazviri.

"Kune zvipingaidzo zvakawanda kudzidzo yemhando yepamusoro munharaunda dzakatambura," akadaro. "Kuhaya vadzidzisi vane madhigirii eBachelor, nekupa zvekushandisa muchikoro zvakakodzera uye midziyo yekutamba - unoda mari yekuita zvinhu zvese izvozvo."

Tsvakurudzo yake yakaratidzawo kuti imwe mari yehurumende inogona kupa kusimudzira kwakakosha kumhando yezvirongwa munharaunda dzinotambura. Zvirongwa izvozvo zvinovandudza kunaka kwemhando yepamusoro pavanowana imwe mari pane zvirongwa zviri munharaunda dzakapfuma, Hatfield yakawana.

"Nekuda kwekuti chirongwa chiri munharaunda yakashomeka hazvireve kuti hachikwanise kuwana zvemhando yepamusoro," akadaro. "Mari yakawedzerwa inobatsira zvirongwa munharaunda dzinotambura kuvhara mukaha."

Hatfield akadzidza mhuri dzemhuri dzinochengeta vana, uko kuchengetwa kwevana kunoitwa mumba memunhu, pamwe nenzvimbo dzekuchengeta vana nezvirongwa zvekireshi, kusanganisira zvirongwa zvemubatanidzwa zvakaita seHead Start.

Tsvakurudzo inoratidza kuti kunaka kwekuchengetwa kwevana kunogona kusiyana zvichienderana nemari, asi zvimwewo zvinokanganisa kunaka kwechirongwa, Hatfield akadaro. Semuenzaniso, mune mamwe mapurojekiti ekutsvagisa, ari kudzidza kudyidzana pakati pevadzidzisi nevana mukirasi. Tsvagiridzo yerudzi irworwo ichabatsira vatungamiri vezvirongwa zvekuchengeta vana kuona mashandisiro akanakisa ekushandisa mari yavanotambira kuvandudza zvirongwa zvavo.

"Kana tikapa vanhu mari yakawanda, ndeipi nzira yakanaka yekuishandisa?" akati. "Tinotengera vana mapuzzle akawanda here kana kudzidzisa vadzidzisi kushandisa zviri nani mapikicha avanawo?"

Musoro Wakakurumbira