Makambani anofanirwa kungwarira pakushandisa bvunzurudzo dzepuzzle dzisingafarirwe

Makambani anofanirwa kungwarira pakushandisa bvunzurudzo dzepuzzle dzisingafarirwe
Makambani anofanirwa kungwarira pakushandisa bvunzurudzo dzepuzzle dzisingafarirwe
Anonim

Mumusika wanhasi wakaoma, vanotsvaga mabasa vakawanda vanogona kunge vakatarisana nemibvunzo yekubvunzurudza yakaita seiyi: Sei makomba akatenderedza? Kana kuti mangani mabarbershops aripo muSan Francisco?

Vatsvaki-basa vatsva vanofanira kugadzirira iyi mibvunzo "yebvunzurudzo yepuzzle", anodaro muongorori weSF State Chris Wright, kunyangwe vangazviona sezvisina kunaka kana kuti hazvina basa.

"Ndinogara ndichipa vadzidzi vanenge vapedza kudzidza mazano maviri epuraimari. Tarisira zvisingatarisirwi uye ziva kuti unogona kuwana mubvunzo wekunze seuyu," akadaro Wright, purofesa wepfungwa paSan Francisco State University."Uye ziva kuti hapana ari kunyatso kutsvaga mhinduro chaiyo, nekuti mizhinji yemibvunzo iyi yakanyatso kutarisisa maitiro ako ekufunga."

Mibvunzo yePuzzle inonyanya kufarirwa mumaindasitiri etekinoroji nezvemari, uko mamaneja ekuhaya anozviona senzira yakanaka yekuyera hunyanzvi, kuchinjika, kufunga kwakadzama uye kugona kushanda mumanovel uye dzimwe nguva mamiriro asina kugadzikana.

Asi Wright nevamwe vaanoshanda navo vakaona kuti vanhu vanowanzoona mibvunzo seyakakoshwa uye isina hukama nehunyanzvi hwebasa nekuita, zvichienzaniswa nemibvunzo yechinyakare yebvunzurudzo pamusoro pemaitirwo ebasa nezvinangwa zvapfuura.

Vakatepa vhidhiyo kubvunzurudzwa kwekunyomba nemhando dzose dzemibvunzo, uye vakakumbira vadzidzi vasati vapedza kudzidza kuti vatarise mabvunzurudzo uye kuyera zviri zviviri zviri mubvunzurudzo nekuita kweari kutsvaga basa. Kubvunzurudza kwepuzzle kwakawana maitiro asina kunaka kubva kune avo vasati vapedza kudzidza, kunyangwe pavakaudzwa kuti munyoreri webasa aibvunzurudza chinzvimbo senge software mainjiniya kana muongorori wezvemari.

Asi mune zvinokatyamadza, vadzidzi vakati munyoreri akaita zvirinani mubvunzurudzo yepuzzle pane mubvunzurudzo yechinyakare. Wright anofunga kuti bvunzurudzo yepuzzle "inogona kunge yakaita seyasiri-pamadziro" kuvadzidzi zvekuti vakafadzwa nekudzikama uye "mhinduro dzakanaka" dzakapihwa nemunyoreri.

Chaiyo-hupenyu vanonyorera basa zvakare havafarire iyi mibvunzo yepuzzle, vanoongorora vanocherekedza, izvo zvinounza dambudziko kumaindasitiri anovimba navo mukutora kwavo basa nekubhadhara. Vanyoreri vanokwanisa vasingade kana kuvimba nemaitiro ekubvunzurudza vanogona kudzivirira makambani anoshandisa mibvunzo yepuzzle, vanopa zano. Zvinokwanisikawo kuti mibvunzo inoonekwa seisina kunaka kana kuti isina basa nebasa inogona kukwidzwa kumatare edzimhosva.

"Uyezve pachine mubvunzo wakarembera kunze uko, ndeupi iwo mapuzzle aya anoyera chero chinhu?" Wright akadaro. "Ini ndinofunga pane manzwiro ekuti mhando dzemibvunzo iyi inoyera zvivakwa zvakaita sehungwaru, asi kuti panogona kunge paine zvishandiso zviri nani kunze uko kuyera izvi."

Vamwe vashandirwi vakatamira kubvunzurudzo dzemapuzzle nekuti vainzwa kuti vanyoreri vaive vakanyatsogadzirira mibvunzo yechinyakare, vawana mhinduro "dzakanaka" kuburikidza nemawebhusaiti ebasa uye mamwe masosi. Asi Wright akati vanotsvaga basa vava kugadzirirawo mapuzzle, vachishandisa masaiti akaita seMy Tech Interviews nemamwe.

Mapuzzle anogona kunge asingafarirwe, asi makambani akaita seGoogle, Microsoft nemamwe achiri kuasanganisa mubvunzurudzo dzavo, uye vanenge vapedza zvidzidzo vanofanira kuziva mabatirwo azvo, akadaro Wright.

"Chandinoona, pandinoona vakuru vanenge vapedza kudzidza vachipinda pabasa, ndezvekuti kashoma kuwana ruzivo rwemibvunzo yemhando iyi," akadaro.

Chidzidzo chakaitwa naWright nevamwe vaaishanda navo chakabudiswa paIndaneti muna Gumiguru 15 mu Journal of Applied Social Psychology. Vamwe vanyori vanosanganisira aimbove mudzidzi weSF State akapedza kudzidza, Steven Oshiro, Chris Sablynski weYunivhesiti yePacific naTodd Manson weIndiana University, Southeast.

Musoro Wakakurumbira