Humbowo huri kukwira pamusoro pekukuvadza kweindasitiri yedoro rutsigiro rwemitambo, ongororo yeAustralia yakawana

Humbowo huri kukwira pamusoro pekukuvadza kweindasitiri yedoro rutsigiro rwemitambo, ongororo yeAustralia yakawana
Humbowo huri kukwira pamusoro pekukuvadza kweindasitiri yedoro rutsigiro rwemitambo, ongororo yeAustralia yakawana
Anonim

Kunyange vagadziri vemitemo muAustralia, United Kingdom, neNew Zealand vachikakavadzana kuti kushambadza doro nerutsigiro kunofanirwa kurambidzwa here kuita zvemitambo, tsvakiridzo itsva inopa humbowo hwekuti kutsigira kweindasitiri yedoro kune chekuita nekunwa kune njodzi muvanhu vemitambo zvichienzaniswa nevasiri- kutsigirwa nedoro.

Masayendisiti ezvehutano kubva kuMonash University, University of Manchester, Deakin University neUniversity of Western Sydney, vakabvunza vezvemitambo vekuAustralia nezvemaitiro avo ekunwisa, kutora chikamu mumitambo, uye rudzi rwerutsigiro rwemitambo rwavanowana parizvino.

Mushure mekuverengera zvimwe zvinofurira kuwana rutsigiro rweindasitiri yedoro nenzira dzakasiyana kwakabatana nemazinga akanyanya ekunwa. Kugamuchirwa kwemhando dzakafanana dzerutsigiro kubva kumaindasitiri asiri edoro akadai, mafemu ekuvaka, makambani ezvekudya kana embatya kwanga kusingaenderane nepamusoro pekunwisa.

Pazvikamu makumi matatu kubva muzana zvevanhu vemitambo vanoti vakawana rubatsiro kuindasitiri yedoro, makumi matanhatu nesere kubva muzana vakasangana nezvinodiwa neWorld He alth Organization kuti varohwe sevanwi vane njodzi.

Tsvakurudzo, yakatsikiswa padandemutande mugwaro reDoro neDoro, ndiyo yekutanga kuenzanisa rutsigiro rweindasitiri yedoro nerutsigiro rweindasitiri isiri doro.

Mutungamiriri weChidzidzo Dr Kerry O'Brien vakati "Migumisiro ichave isingashamise kune vezvemitambo kana indasitiri yedoro, asi isu tinoshamisika kana zviwanikwa zvemari zvinopihwa kubva kune vasiri indasitiri yedoro vanotsigira zvinogonawo kuwedzera kunwa kuburikidza nekupihwa nyore kwekuwedzera. mari yekuti vechidiki vemitambo vapedze kunwa doro.Hazvina kudaro. Zvinoita sezviri kutsigirwa neindasitiri yedoro."

Tsvakiridzo iyi inouya mushure mekurudziro ichangoburwa kubva kuBritish Medical Association, Australian Preventative He alth Taskforce, uye New Zealand Law Commission kuti kushambadzwa kwedoro uye kutsigira kubviswe mumitambo sezvakangoita makumi emakore apfuura.

Nhamba dzakabva kuvaongorori vezvekushambadza dzinoratidza kuti makambani makuru edoro anopedza zvikamu makumi masere kubva muzana zvemabhajeti ekushambadzira nekutsigira kusimudzira doro kuburikidza nemitambo.

"Mitambo iri kushandiswa zvisizvo kusimudzira doro kuvanhu vemitambo neruzhinji. Veruzhinji havadi kukurudzirwa kunwa, uye kune nzira dzekutsiva madhora ekushambadza doro nekutsigira zvemitambo," Dr O'Brien vakadaro..

"Sezvakaitwa nefodya, chikamu chemutero unounganidzwa nehurumende kubva mukutengeswa kwedoro unogona kuvharirwa (kufungidzirwa) kuti uwane mari yemitambo nezviitiko zvetsika.Izvi zvaizotsiva mari yeindasitiri yedoro kakawanda, " Dr O'Brien vakadaro.

Norway neFrance dzave nekurambidzwa kwenguva refu munzvimbo dzisina mhedzisiro yemitambo, uye gore rino Turkey yakarambidza kushambadza kwedoro uye kutsigirwa kwemitambo. France yakabudirira kuita 1998 FIFA World Cup nerutsigiro rwedoro uye kurambidzwa kushambadza, uye parizvino iri kutambira makwikwi emarudzi akawanda eHeineken Cup Rugby, akatumidza zita rekuti H-Cup kuFrance.

"Hurumende yeFederal yeAustralia iri kutora matanho anovimbisa mukugovera madhora miriyoni makumi maviri nemashanu kuchirongwa chekuyedza kutsiva rutsigiro rweindasitiri yedoro mumitambo yenharaunda nezviitiko zvetsika, asi inogona kuwedzerwa zvakanyanya, uye inogona kubhadharwa nemutero wedoro." Dr O'Brien vakati.

Muzvinafundo weDeakin University Dr Peter Miller vakati “Chidzidzo ichi chinopa humbowo hutsva hwehumbowo hutsva hune chekuita nerutsigiro rwezvemitambo muindasitiri yedoro uye tinotenda kuti chero sangano remitambo rine chekuita nekugara zvakanaka kwevechidiki rinofanirwa kutsigira kurudziro yekuti hurumende dzibatsire. kupa imwe mari.Hazvina kufanira kubhejera neramangwana ravo nekuda kwemari iri nyore."

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