Masayendisiti anogadzira hurongwa hwekuvhota hune hutongi hwejekerere

Masayendisiti anogadzira hurongwa hwekuvhota hune hutongi hwejekerere
Masayendisiti anogadzira hurongwa hwekuvhota hune hutongi hwejekerere
Anonim

Vatsvakurudzi vepaUniversidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) vakagadzira nzira iri nyore yekuvhota yegutsaruzhinji iyo inovandudza kushanda kwemaitiro emazuva ose ekuvhota kwevanhu vakawanda, uye inodzivirira vashoma zviri nani uye inovafunga zvakanyanya.

Dambudziko guru rekuvhota kwevazhinji nderekuti nekuva nevhoti imwe chete, vavhoti vanokwanisa chete kuratidza sarudzo yavanoda, vasingakwanise kupa rumwe ruzivo maererano nezvavanofunga nezvedzimwe sarudzo. Dzimwe nguva izvi zvinokonzeresa kuti vanhu vasavhotere sarudzo yavanoda nekuti vanofunga kuti havana mukana wekuhwina, nepo mune dzimwe nguva, zvinogona kuitika kuti kana sarudzo yavo ikarasikirwa, chigumbu chakati chinogadzirwa nekufungirana kuti vashoma vanorasikirwa. kunokosha kupfuura kuwana kwevakundi vakawanda.Kubva pamaonero ezvehupfumi, mhedzisiro yekuvhota iyi haina kunyatso shanda nekuti haikwidzi magariro akanaka. Izvi ndizvo zviri kuyedza kudzivirira vaongorori ava muhurongwa hwavo hwekuvhota nemabhidhiri akaenzana, achangobva kuburitswa naRobert F. Veszteg, weUC3M, pamwe chete napurofesa weUniversidad Autónoma de Madrid, Agnes Pintér, muongororo yezvidzidzo, European Journal of Political. Economy.

Sitimu yekuvhota nekuita mabhidhiro akaenderana yavakagadzira inzira inobvumira vavhoti kuhodha dzimwe nzira zvinoenderana nezvavanoda, vachidzipa zvichienderana nechiyero chenhamba. "Chakakosha ndechekuti vataure nhamba yeimwe neimwe nzira iri pamusoro pesarudzo yavo yepamusoro kana idzo dzavanoshuvira kukoshesa," akadaro Muzvinafundo Róbert F. Veszteg, weUC3M Economics Department. Ipapo akaenzanisira ikoku nomuenzaniso unotevera: Kana boka reshamwari richida kusarudza kana roona bhaisikopo rorudo, bhaisikopo rinosetsa kana kuti bhaisikopo rinotyisa, shamwari imwe neimwe inofanira kutaura nhamba nhatu (imwe nokuda kwebhaisikopo rimwe nerimwe).Mushure meizvi, nhamba dzacho dzinogona kumiririra huwandu hwemari (muEuro) yaaizobhadhara kuti akwanise kuona firimu iri mubvunzo, kana kugutsikana kwemunhu kubva pakuona firimu rinoratidzwa nehuwandu hwemadhonati aaigona. tenga zvinopa kugutsikana kwakafanana.

Rusununguko urwu runogona kukonzera matambudziko maviri, vaongorori vakacherekedza. Yekutanga: Ungawedzera sei mavhoti kana mamwe akayerwa mumaEuro uye mamwe achiyerwa mumadhonati? Uye chechipiri: Unoitei nevanhu vane tsika yekuwedzeredza uye vanowanzopa huwandu hwakanyanya? Kuti agadzirise nyaya idzi, masayendisiti anoshandisa kuenzanisa kwe "nhamba / mavhoti / mabhidhi," nzira yekuverenga iyo inobvisa mayuniti ega ega ekuyera uye inoparadzanisa nekutsauka kwemaitiro ega ega asati awedzera, "Veszteg yakaratidza. Muchidimbu., izvi zvaizoita kuti Tryon Edward’sidea ive yechokwadi.” Uyu mufundisi weU.S., munyori wemaduramazwi, uye munyori akataura kuti “Vamwe vanotaura nokuwedzeredza uye nezvirevo zvikuru zvokuti tinofanira kuita dhireziro huru kubva mukutaura kwavo tisati tasvika parevo yavo chaiyo.Kusarudzika ndiko kunoita kuti zvideredzwa izvi zviverengerwe nemazvo.

Kuwedzera kushanda zvakanaka pakuvhota

Chinangwa chevatsvakurudzi mubasa iri kuwana hunyanzvi muzvisarudzo zvakafanana zvichibva pakuvhota pasina kuvapo kwemari kana kutamiswa kwemari, kubva kusarudzo dzezvematongerwo enyika kuenda kusarudzo yemhuri pamusoro pekuenda kuzororo riri kuuya, kushamwari dzichisarudza bhaisikopo., kana boka revadzidzi riri kuedza kubvumirana pazuva rekirasi yekugadzira. "Takavavarira nzira yekuvhota iri nyore inochengetedza vadiki mumamiriro ambotaurwa, apo dziviriro iyi inoruramiswa kubva pakuona kwehutano hweveruzhinji," anodaro Muzvinafundo weUC3M. Uchishandisa muenzaniso wapfuura, chinangwa ndechekudzivirira shamwari nhatu dzisinganyatso kumirira mafirimu anotyisa neruremekedzo kushamwari ina dzinotyisa dzemafirimu, asi dzisina basa nekuona makomedhi.

Modhi yemasvomhu inotsanangura iyi hurongwa hwekuvhota yakamisikidzwa yakaomesesa, iyo vaongorori vakasarudza kushandisa nzira yekuyedza kusimbisa chirevo chavo.Chiyedzo ichi chakaitwa nevadzidzi, vakakokwa kuimba yekombuta kwavaifanirwa kuita sarudzo mune akati wandei mamiriro ekufungidzira, vachishandisa kuvhota kwakawanda pamwe nekukwikwidza kwakamisikidzwa. Neiyi nzira, vaongorori vaigona kusiyanisa mhedzisiro yavo yedzidziso voiwedzera neimwe data yeruzivo.

Musoro Wakakurumbira