Ndiani Achakunda Sarudzo? Nyora Mitongo Yechiso Kuyera Kugona Kazhinji Zvakakwana

Ndiani Achakunda Sarudzo? Nyora Mitongo Yechiso Kuyera Kugona Kazhinji Zvakakwana
Ndiani Achakunda Sarudzo? Nyora Mitongo Yechiso Kuyera Kugona Kazhinji Zvakakwana
Anonim

Kutarisa kwevaviri zviso zvevamiriri kunowanzo kukwana kuti uone kuti ndiani achakunda musarudzo, maererano neongororo yePrinceton University.

Princeton psychologist Alexander Todorov aratidza kuti kukurumidza kutonga kumeso kunogona kufanotaura nemazvo madzoro esarudzo dzepasi rose. Todorov akatora imwe yetsvakiridzo yake yapfuura yakaratidza kuti vanhu vanotonga nekusaziva kugona kwechiso chisina kujairika mukati mechikamu chegumi chesekondi, uye akachiendesa kunhandare yezvematongerwo enyika.

Ongororo dzake dzemurabhoritari dzinoratidza kuti kukurumidza kuona hunyanzvi hwezviso zvevamiriri vaviri kwakakwana kufungidzira achakunda muchikamu chinosvika makumi manomwe kubva muzana chemujaho weseneta weU.S. uye gavhuna wehurumende musarudzo dza2006.

"Hatina kumboudza zvidzidzo zvedu kuti vaitarisa vamiriri vezvematongerwo enyika - takangovakumbira kuti vapindure kuti ndeupi huso husina kujaira hwairatidzika kunge hune hunyanzvi," akadaro Todorov, mutevedzeri wepurofesa we psychology uye. nyaya dzeveruzhinji. "Zvakawanikwa zvinoratidza kuti kutonga nekukurumidza, kusingatarisike kwakavakirwa pachiso chemumiriri kunogona kukanganisa sarudzo dzekuvhota."

Todorov naCharles Ballew, mukuru wePsychology akapedza kudzidza kubva kuPrinceton muna 2006, akaita zviedzo zvitatu umo vatori vechikamu vakati wandei vaifanira kuita mitongo yekukurumidza pamusoro pezviso. Vatori vechikamu vakaratidzwa mifananidzo yakatevedzana, imwe neimwe iine mbiri yezviso, uye vakakumbirwa kuti vasarudze, zvichibva pakunzwa kweura, huso hwavainzwa huchiratidza kugona. Misiyano pakati pezviyedzo yainyanya kubata huwandu hwenguva iyo mucherechedzi aibvumidzwa kuona zviso - ipfupi sechegumi chesekondi kana kureba - uye kupa mutongo mushure.

Zvanga zvisingazivikanwe nevatori vechikamu mukuyedza kwechitatu ndezvekuti vaviri vemifananidzo yaive mifananidzo yevamiriri vaviri vesarudzo huru yaiitwa kumwe kuUnited States panguva yekuedzwa mukupera kwa2006. Mijaho iyi angave yagavhuna wehurumende kana chigaro muSeneti yeU.S. Muzviitiko apo mucherechedzi akaziva chimwe chezviso zviviri izvi, vaongorori vakabvisa sarudzo kubva padata.

Masvondo maviri akatevera sarudzo dzakaitwa, uye vatsvakurudzi vakaenzanisa mitongo yehunyanzvi nezvakabuda musarudzo. Vakaona kuti mitongo yakafanotaura vakundi mu72.4 muzana yemujaho weseneta uye 68.6 muzana yemagavhuna.

"Izvi zvinoreva kuti nekukasira kutarisa mapikicha maviri, une mukana wakakura wekufanotaura kuti ndiani achahwina," Todorov akadaro. "Vavhoti havana hunhu hwakadaro. Saka pamwe tinofanira kurangarira izvozvo kana tasarudza vezvematongerwo enyika."

Bepa raTodorov pane zvakawanikwa, rakanyorwa naBallew, rinowanikwa muna Gumiguru 22 chinyorwa chemagazini Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Bepa iri rakakurudzira vatsvakurudzi kune dzimwe nzvimbo kuti vaongorore zvakare mafungiro avo pamusoro pemifananidzo inoonekwa uye maitiro avo pakuita sarudzo pakati peveruzhinji.

"Masayendisiti ezvematongerwo enyika apedza makore makumi mashanu achinyora chete zvine mwero zvakakonzerwa nevezvenhau pamaitiro ekuvhota, asi tsvakiridzo yaTodorov inoratidza kuti tingangove takatarisa panzvimbo isiri iyo," akadaro Chappell Lawson, purofesa wesaenzi yezvematongerwo enyika. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "Zvizhinji zvezvidzidzo zvakapfuura zvakavimba nezvinyorwa kana zvinyorwa zvakadhindwa zvezvinotaurwa nevezvenhau, nekutarisisa kushoma kumifananidzo inoonekwa."

Lawson, akadana basa raTodorov "kupayona," akawedzera kuti rimwe rebasa rake rinotsigira zvakawanikwa zvitsva, zvichiratidza kuti kugona kunoratidzika kunge hunhu hwepasirese, hunozivikanwa mutsika dzese.Tsvagiridzo yake inoratidza kuti vacherechedzi vekuAmerica vaigona kufanotaura zvichabuda musarudzo dzemuMexico zvichibva pamabatiro akafanana.

"Mapepa ese ari maviri anotaura nezvemhando yemhando yekuonekwa mukubudirira kwemumiriri," Lawson akadaro. "Zvatakawana zvakatishamisa, nokuti vezvematongerwo enyika veMexico vanowanzosimbisa zvakasiyana zvakasiyana-siyana zvechitarisiko chavo, zvakadai sebvudzi rechiso, izvo vanhu vezvematongerwo enyika veAmerica vanodzivisa. Asi veAmerica vanogona kuramba vachisarudza vakundi veMexico. Data yedu inoratidza migumisiro inenge yakasimba sezvakaita Todorov. yawanikwa."

Masayendisiti ezvematongerwo enyika, akadaro Todorov, angangonyanya kufarira zvaakawana, zvikuru nekuti vanenge vachida kuona kuti ndevapi vavhoti vanonyanya kufurirwa.

"Hazvisati zvanyatsojeka kuti mhedzisiro iyi inoshanda sei munyika chaiyo," akadaro. "Haasi muvhoti wese achabatwa. Zviri pachena kuti vamwe vanhu vanovhota zvinoenderana nehunhu hwavo, asi vamwe vazhinji havana ruzivo nezvesarudzo dzevamiriri.Saka tinofanira kushanda nesimba kuti tizive."

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